The Characteristics of Effective Learning framework below is from Musical Development Matters. It has been adapted from the Characteristics of Effective Learning framework in the original Development Matters guidance to encourage educators to think specifically about supporting and nurturing children’s music making and development. You can download a copy of this in the references and further reading section of the website.


Early Childhood Music models of practice often involve adult led activity and direction. Whilst this is an important element of practice and pedagogy, educators need to consider the role of the adult and importantly how children develop and learn in different ways and rates.

(Burke, 2018)